dimethyl fumarate (624-49-7)

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Product Detail

Mechanism:

Although the precise mechanism of action is incompletely characterized, DMF and its active metabolite, MMF, are thought to exert neuroprotective effects in patients with multiple sclerosis by activating the nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2; Nrf2) transcriptional pathway.
However, since in autoimmune diseases the immune system is exacerbated and there is a damaging surplus of cytokine production, in the treatment of such diseases cytokine induction needs to be tightly regulated. Recently it has been found that DMF is able to inhibit several pathways linked to toll-like receptors (TLRs). In addition, it has been found that DMF can block a specific group of enzymes called the ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2 enzymes). Ubiquitin is a small regulatory protein found in almost all tissues. The addition of ubiquitins to a certain protein is a cellular mechanism to regulate protein expression and location; the ubiquitination process (addition of ubiquitins) can affect a protein’s degradation, change its cellular location, affect its activity and promote or prevent protein interactions. Furthermore, researchers also discovered two key pathways in human immune system responses, the NFκB and ERK1/2 signaling (downstream of TLR), that are inhibited by DMF and correlate with a loss of pro-inflammatory cytokine production.

Packaging: polyethylene nylon plastic bag

Storage conditions: Room temperature

CAS Number: 624-49-7

Formula:  C6H8O4

Molecular Weight:  144.13 g/mol

Method of Analysis:  In house monograph

Application:

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an orally administered fumarate ester approved for first-line monotherapy of multiple sclerosis. Because it is rapidly and completely hydrolyzed by esterases before reaching the systemic circulation, the pharmacologic activity of dimethyl fumarate is due to its active metabolite, monomethyl fumarate (MMF).