Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine and hence bind nonspecifically to benzodiazepine receptors BNZ1, which mediates sleep, and BNZ2, which affects muscle relaxation, anticonvulsant activity, motor coordination, and memory. Although the exact mechanism of Alprazolam is not known, benzodiazepine receptors are thought to be coupled to gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptors. This coupling enhances the effects of GABA by increasing GABA affinity for the GABA receptor. Binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA to the site opens the chloride channel, resulting in a hyperpolarized cell membrane that prevents further excitation of the cell.
Alprazolam has a fast onset of action and symptomatic relief. Ninety percent of peak effects are achieved within the first hour of using for panic disorder and full peak effects are achieved in 1.5-1.6 hours. However, peak benefits achieved for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) may take up to a week.
Storage conditions: Room temperature
Packaging: polyethylene nylon plastic bag